Laws, Regulations and Annotations
Business Taxes Law Guide – Revision 2023
Sales And Use Tax Law
Revenue and Taxation Code
Division 2. Other Taxes
Part 1. Sales and Use Taxes
Chapter 4. Exemptions
Article 1. General Exemptions
6365. Art works. (a) There are exempted from the taxes imposed by this part the gross receipts from the sale of, and the storage, use or other consumption in this state of, original works of art, which are:
(1) Purchased by this state or any city, county, city and county, or other local governmental entity;
(2) Purchased by any nonprofit organization operating any public museum for, and pursuant to contract with, any such governmental entity;
(3) Purchased by any nonprofit organization which has qualified for exemption pursuant to Section 23701d for one or more museums regularly open to the public not less than 20 hours per week for not less than 35 weeks of the calendar year and operated by the purchaser of such art or operated by another nonprofit organization which has qualified for exemption pursuant to Section 23701d;
(4) Purchased for donation and actually donated by delivery by the retailer pursuant to the instructions of the buyer to any such governmental entity, or nonprofit organization, and evidenced by a written transfer of title from the buyer to such governmental entity or nonprofit organization; or
(5) Leased from one nonprofit organization to another nonprofit organization for 35 years or more, if both the lessor and lessee are nonprofit organizations as defined in either paragraph (2) or (3).
(b) The exemption provided by this section shall apply only to works of art purchased to become part of the permanent collection of any of the following:
(1) A museum.
(2) A nonprofit corporation which has qualified for exemption pursuant to Section 23701d; regularly loans not less than 85 percent of the value of its collection of works of art to one or more museums; and is required by its articles of incorporation to loan its works of art and is otherwise prohibited by its articles from making any private use of its works of art; provided, that the work of art for which the exemption is claimed pursuant to this section shall actually be placed on display at one or more museums in California for not less than 24 months during the three-year period commencing from the date of purchase.
(3) Any city, county, city and county, or other local governmental entity and this state which purchases, commissions, or leases from any such governmental entity public art for display to the public in buildings, parks, plazas, or other public places. These areas shall be open to the public not less than 20 hours per week for not less than 35 weeks of the calendar year.
(c) For purposes of this section, "work of art" means a work of visual art, including, but not limited to, a drawing, painting, mural, fresco, sculpture, mosaic, film, or photograph, a work of calligraphy, a work of graphic art (including, but not limited to, an etching, lithograph, offset print, silk screen, or a work of graphic art of like nature), crafts (including, but not limited to, crafts in clay, textile, fiber, wood, metal, plastic, glass, costume, dress, clothing, personal adornment, and like materials), or mixed media (including, but not limited to, a collage, assemblage, or any combination of the foregoing art media).
(d) For purposes of this section, a "museum" shall only include:
(1) A museum which has a significant portion of its space open to the public without charge;
(2) A museum open to the public without charge for not less than six hours during any month the museum is open to the public; or
(3) A museum which is open to a segment of the student or adult population without charge.
(e) For the purposes of this section, "permanent collection" as it applies to leases of original works of art, means a collection with a lease term of 35 years or more.
(f) Any public entity or nonprofit organization claiming an exemption pursuant to this section shall maintain records, in such forms as prescribed by the board, sufficient to substantiate its claim. Such records shall include, but not be limited to, the date of purchase, the purchase price, the date the property was first brought into this state, and the dates and locations the work of art was on display at a museum.
History—Added by Stats. 1978, Ch. 1019, operative January 1, 1979. Stats. 1979, Ch. 260, effective July 17, 1979, changed "a museum" in (a) (3) to "one or more museums", changed "a museum, as defined in Section 6366.4" in (b) following "permanent collection of" to present wording. Stats. 1987, Ch. 1266, in effect September 28, 1987, operative
January 1, 1988, in paragraph (b), added "any of the following" after "collection of"; in (b)(1), deleted "; or" following "museum" and substituted a period; and added paragraph (e). Stats. 2006, Ch. 281 (AB 2533), in effect September 14, 2006, but operative January 1, 2007, deleted "or" after "Section 23701d;" in paragraph (3) and added paragraph (5) of subdivision (a); deleted "or" after "state which purchases," and added ", or leases from any such governmental entity" after "commissions" in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b); added "costume, dress … adornment," after "plastic, glass" in subdivision (c); deleted "or" after "public without charge;" in paragraph (1) of subdivision (d); added subdivision (e); and relettered former subdivision (e) as (f).